Research & Reports
The fashion industry is the world’s second most polluting industry after oil.
Cotton has been called the world’s dirtiest crop, owing to its heavy use of insecticides and water, high greenhouse gas emissions and land use. In 2013/14, 26 million tonnes of cotton was produced globally, on around 33 million hectares of land in a hundred countries, using 2.5% of the world’s farmland. One hundred million households, most in the some of the world’s poorest countries, are dependent on cotton farming. As well as GHG emissions, cotton is responsible for 16% of global insecticide use – more than any other crop. Globally, cotton production releases 220 million tonnes of CO2e, and one tonne of non-organic cotton produces 1.8 tonnes of CO2e.
Find out more about cotton & its global impact
Download the reports below or get involved with the Cottoned On initiative.